7 Linux commands basically work with files and folders. When working with Linux, we often use Terminal. Here are 7 commonly used commands when we work with files and directories.
You can try Linux directly when using Windows 10. Read this article Install Ubuntu on Windows 10
1. Change working directory – 7 Linux commands basically
Usually, to change certain folders you will have to navigate through the directories. However, on the Terminal, we use the cd command.
Suppose you need to access the Downloads folder:
Also you can navigate directly to the subdirectory of the Download folder, using the command:
To return to the previous folder you used:
2. Create a new folder
mkdir is also one of the commands that users often use. This command is used to create a new directory with a specific name.
For example, you want to create the linux_tutorital directory
In addition, you can also create multiple folders at once, for example if you want to create 3 folders named linux, windows, macos
mkdir linux windows macos
3. Create a new file
Use the touch command to create an empty file. Such as:
Also you can specify multiple file names to create multiple files at once, such as
touch hello.txt world.html
4. Move files
Use the mv command to move a specific file to a directory. For example, if you want to move the index.html file to the directory named /hello-world
mv index.html /hello-world
You can also use the mv command to change file names and directories. For example, if you want to rename index.html to about.html, use the following command:
mv index.html about.html
5. Copy files
Use the cp command if you want to copy a file or a directory.
For example, if you want to copy index.html and name the new file about.html, use the following command:
cp index.html about.html
6. Show folder contents
Use the ls command to display the contents of the directory
7. Open file
Use the open command to open the files of the directory in the default application. For example, to open the Desktop folder on the Finder, use the following command:
Alternatively, you can open the file using the default editing application on your device. For example:
Linux provides Vim editor to open and edit files. You can use:
There are 7 basic Linux commands when working with files and folders. Wish you are proficient with Linux. Thank you for reading.